The objective of the scheme is to “enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year, to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work".
MGNREGS is a demand driven bottom-up programme, the works under which are to be taken up as per the wage employment demanded by the people.
Forest department as part of convergence with MGNREGS is taking up raising & maintenance of nurseries, plantations and SMC works since 2009. Every year 6 to 7 crore seedlings of fodder, timber, shade giving plants are raised for distribution to the public.
b) National Afforestation Programme:The objectives of the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) scheme are:
- Ecological restoration of degraded forests and improvement of quality of the existing forest.
- To develop the forest resources with peoples’ participation, with special focus on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the poorest of poor.
NAP aims to support and accelerate the on-going process of devolving forest conservation, protection, management and development functions to the Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) at the village level, which are registered societies.
c) National Green India MissionThe aim of the scheme is to respond to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures, which would help:
- Enhance carbon sink
- Adaptation of vulnerable species/ecosystems to the changing climate
- Adaptation of forest-dependent communities.
- Increase forest cover on 5 million hectares (mha) of forest/non-forest lands
- Improve quality of forest cover on another 5 mha
- Improve ecosystem services including biodiversity conservation, hydrological services, provisioning of fuel, fodder, timber and NTFP
- Forest-based livelihood income for about 3 million House Holds
- Enhance annual CO2 sequestration by 50-60 million MTs by 2020.
d) National medicinal Plants board:The objective of the scheme are:
- Optimum utilization of degraded forest lands thereby increasing the vegetation cover and augmenting the resource base of medicinal plants and restoring the ecosystem.
- Providing wage employment to the people below the poverty line in the forest fringe areas thereby improving the income resources of FDAs and village development.
- To enable Ayurvedic Medicinal manufacturing pharmacies to get adequate quantities of genuine raw materials to manufacture standard and efficacious medicines and prevent them from resorting to substitutes.
- To reduce pressure on wild population of medicinal plants growing in the forest, thereby conserving the indigenous plant wealth.
- These plantations will serve as seed stands which can ensure future seed supply and can act as a future germ plasm security.
e) Nagaravan- Udyan Yojana (Ek Kadam HariyaliKi) / Nagarvanam:
The aim of the scheme is to provide wholesome living environment to urban areas and thereby contributing to create smart, clean, green and healthy cities. During 2016-17 Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Government of India, New Delhi have conceptualized the programme for climate smart green cities by name Nagarvan – Udyan Yojana (Ek Kadam Hariyaliki) to develop/create at least one city Forest in each city over an extent of 25 ha. – 100 ha. within the adjacent Forest areas.
In continuation of the Nagarvan Udyan Yojana Scheme, State Govt. of Andhra Pradesh has taken initiative for further development of Nagaravanams across the state as urban lung spaces and started a new scheme called “Nagaravanam” as state development programme.There are twenty three (23) Nagaravanams in the state are as under:
f) 09-Mixed plantations:
- 09-Mixed plantation is instrumental in achieving the goal of increasing the green cover in the state, with special focus on taking up plantations outside the notified forest areas.
- Under Mixed plantations activities like raising of Nurseries, Village woodlots, shelter belt plantations, Mangrove plantation, Seed dibbling and Awareness programmes have been taken up.
g) Sub-Mission on Agro Forestry:Under the scheme cash assistance will be provided to the farmers for raising trees in their farm lands. The objective of the scheme are:
- To encourage and expand tree plantation in complementary and integrated manner with crops and livestock to improve productivity, employment opportunities, income generation and livelihoods of rural households, especially the small farmers.
- To ensure availability of quality planting material like seeds, seedlings, clones, hybrids, improved varieties, etc
- To popularize various Agroforestry practices/models suitable to different agro-ecological regions and land use conditions.
h) Miscellaneous schemes:
Raising of plantations with funds provided by other agencies like National High way Authority of India, Indian Railways, Urban local bodies, VUDA, NTPC, Special development packages under district administration funds etc have been taken up.