Ref. No. 19908/2002-UI
CIRCULAR NO. 04 / 2002 / UI
Sub : Raising of Avenue
/ Canal Bank Plantation – Certain instructions issued – Regarding.
Avenue and Canal Bank Plantations are being raised
by the Forest Department from time to time. The Conservator of
Forests are informed that raising of Avenue / Canal Bank Plantations
is one of the most difficult and challenging tasks. To ensure
success, proper planning is needed right from the time of site preparation till
the plants are established and reach a stage of beyond damage
in ordinary sense.
The following points
should be kept in mind while taking up Avenue / Canal Bank Plantations
a) Treatment Maps :- A treatment map has to be prepared for the
stretch of the planning site not to any scale. The main features
of the area are to be shown e.g., unsuitable patches, low lying
area are to be given to the villagers or cattle etc.
b) Site Preparation
:- Adequate site preparation is needed to have a proper size of
the pit, the digging of the pit and the treatment required planting
the plant in t he pit. A pit of 60 cm cube has been found suitable.
a) Only tall plant of 1 ½ m to 2 m height should be planted. So
that the plants go beyond
damage from browsing within a short period of time.
b) Before planting
the pit should be filled with ½ cft dry Cowdung and basal dressing
of 100 grm SSP should be applied.
c) While planting the
tall plants, the bag should not be removed, only a few cuts at
the bottom may be given by a sharp blade. It has been found by
experience / experiment that the planting done with bags has better
survival and growth compared to that when the bags are removed.
This is because while removing the bag of the tall plant the ball
of the earth is broken and consequently transplanting shock is
As far as possible the fruit bearing trees useful to the people
like Tamarind, Nereda, Kanuga, Neem and long rotation species
like Ficus etc. should be planted. To break the monotony, a few
ornamental flowering trees should be planted at regular intervals.
Preferably one particular stretch of ½ to 1 km should be raised
with one main avenue species like, Ravi, Marri, Neredu and Tamarind
Wherever suitable space is available multiple row avenue should
be raised at least for a stretch of 200 m. in multiple row avenue
stretch the auxiliary species should be Kanuga, Eucalyptus, Usiri,
An auriculiformis, glyricidia
etc, espacement of 2m to 5m at the suitable point where
soil depth is adequate shoild be adopted.
Palmyrah nuts should be dibbled 1m apart on the outer boundary
of road margins abutting the agriculture fields.
Fencing : Adequate measures should be taken to protect the plants
from biotic and abiotic pressure. Tress should provided with proper
treeguards wherever needed and thorny brushwood fencing in multiple
Watering : During the period of moisture stress, watering should
be taken up to ensure better survival and growth.
Since watering regularly
is costly and cannot be controlled / supervised very easily, the
best way to raise successful plantations is to provide a very
effective mulching of ground nut husk to a depth of 25-30 cm for
each main row avenue plant and for doing so, while planting avenue
plant in the pit, upper part of the pit to a depth of 30 cm should
not be filled with soil.
The cost of mulching
will be more than recovered by reducing the frequency of watering
Adequate seedlings of species like tamarind, kanuga, neem, ficus
etc., should be raised in the primary bed one year in advance
from June to August, so that there may be sufficient stock of
tall plants for future planting. This should be taken up as a
continuous well planned regular programme for every year.
The Conservators of Forests are requested to
monitor the planting programme closely while keeping the above
points in mind.
Conservator of Forest
All the Conservators of Forests.
Copy to all Dy. Conservator of Forests ( P &
E ) for information and necessary action.
They may bring the above points to the notice
of other agencies in the district engaged in avenue plantation.