National Zoo Policy - Policy, Rules, Forms
Main_Menu

NATIONAL ZOO POLICY

1. Preamble

 

1.


The growing awareness for nature & wildlife conservation has made zoos a popular institution. Estimates indicate that 10% of the world's population visit zoos every year. There are about 350 animal collections in India , which are visited by more than 50 million people annually.

 

1.2


While there is a history of scientific interest, conservation and welfare of captive wild animals in the country, many zoos have evolved from menageries and private collections, and most zoos until the last two decades were set up mainly for entertainment and recreation. As wildlife resources were abundant in the past, scientific knowledge about the behavioural and biological requirements of animals did not receive adequate attention, with the result that scientific management of wild animals in captivity has evolved slowly.

 

1.3


The need for making conservation as one of the main objectives of management of zoos was realized by Government of India soon after independence and the Indian Board of Wildlife made important recommendations in this regard. The Government set up an Expert Committee on Management of Zoos in Noverber,1972 and its recommendations were accepted in June,1973. The recommendations are relevant even now for improving the management of Zoos. The National Wildlife Action Plan of 1983 again emphasized the role of ex-situ conservation in national conservation efforts. However, because of varied ownership patterns and divergent nature of animal collections not much was achieved.


1.4


Today when wildlife habitats are under severe pressure and a large number of species of wild fauna have become endangered, the zoos have not only to sustain their own populations but also augment the depleting populations of endangered species in the wild. This new role has been acknowledged by the global conservation community and Article 9 of the Convention on Biological Diversity.


1.5


As zoos are visited by a large number of visitors, zoos are a point a potent tool for education people about the close linkage between protection of natural areas and maintaining the life supporting processes of nature. Well-planned and appropriately designed zoos can sensitize visitors to the dangers of a hostile or indifferent attitude towards nature.


1.6


In India , many well designed zoos were set up in some of the States but for the most part, zoos have not been able to meet the challenges imposed by the changing scenario and still continue with the legacy of past i.e. displaying animals to the animals nor educative and rewarding to the visitors.


1.7


The amendment of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, in 1991, provided for the enforcement of mandatory standards and norms for management of zoos through the Central Zoo Authority. However, it is realised that the objectives of the Act can be achieved only through co-operation and participation of various government agencies, non-governmental organisations and people at large.


1.8


The National Zoo Policy aims at giving proper direction and thrust to the management of zoos by mustering co-operation and participation of all concerned.

2. Objective

2.1


The aim objective of the zoos shall be to complement and strengthen the national efforts in conservation and strengthen the national efforts in conservation of the rich biodiversity of the country, particularly the fauna. The objective can be achieved through the following protocol :-


2.1.1


Supporting the conservation of endangered species by giving species, which have no chance of survival in wild, a last chance of survival through coordinated breeding under ex-situ condition and raise stocks for rehabilitating them in wild as and when it is appropriate and desirable.


2.1.2


To inspire amongst zoo visitors empathy for wild animals, an understanding and awareness about the need for conservation of natural resources and for maintaining the ecological balance.


2.1.3


Providing opportunities for scientific studies useful for conservation in general and creation of database for sharing between the agencies involved in in-situ and ex-situ conservation


2.1.4


Besides the aforesaid objectives, the zoos shall continue to function as rescue centres for orphaned wild animals, subject to the availability of appropriate housing and upkeep infrastructure. Where appropriate housing and upkeep is not available, State Government and the Central Government would ascertain setting up rescue facilities in off-the-display areas of the zoo, subject to the availability of land.

 

3. STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING THE OBJECTIVES

 3.1 General Policy about Zoos

3.1.1


Since zoos require a significant amount of resources in the form of land, water, energy and money, no new zoo shall be set up unless a sustained supply of resources including finance and technical support are guaranteed.


3.1.2


Zoos shall prepare a long-term master plan for development to ensure optimum utilisation of the land, water, energy and finance.


3.1.3


Every Zoo shall maintain a healthy, hygienic and natural environment in the zoo, so that the visitors get an adequate opportunity to experience a natural environment.


3.1.4


Zoos shall give priority to endangered species in their collection and breeding plans. The order of preference for selection of species shall be (in descending order) locality, region, country and other areas.


3.1.5


Zoos shall regulate the number of animals of various species in their collection in such a way that each animal serves the objectives of the zoo. For achieving this objective, a detailed management plan of every species in the zoo shall be prepared.


3.1.6


Every zoo shall endeavour to avoid keeping single animals of non-viable sex ratios of any species. They shall cooperate in pooling such animals into genetically, demographically and socially viable groups at zoos identified for the purpose.


3.1.7


Zoos shall avoid keeping surplus animals of prolifically breeding species and if required, appropriate population control measures shall be adopted.

  

3.2 Acquisitions of Animals

3.2.1


Except for obtaining founder animals for approved breeding programme and infusion of new blood inbred groups, no zoo shall collect animals from the wild.


3.2.2


Zoos shall not enter into any transaction involving violation of the law and provisions of international conventions on wildlife conservation.


3.2.3


Zoos shall not enter into any transaction in respect of their surplus animals with any commercial establishment. Even the animal products should not be utilised for commercial purposes. The trophies of the animals could, however, be used for educational or scientific purposes.

  

3.3 Animal Housing


3.3.1


Every animal in a zoo shall be provided housing, upkeep and health care that can ensure a quality of life and longevity to enable the zoo population sustain itself through procreation.


3.3.2


The enclosure for all the species displayed or kept in a zoo shall be of such size that all animals get adequate space for free movement and exercise and no animal is unduly dominated or harassed by any other animal.


3.3.3


Each animal enclosure in a zoo shall have appropriate shelters, perches, withdrawal areas, wallow, pools drinking water points and such other facilities which can provide the animals a chance to display the wide range of their natural behaviour as well as protect them from extremes of climate.

 

3.4 Upkeep of Animal Collections


3.4.1


Zoos shall provide diet to each species, which is similar to its feed in nature. Where for unavoidable reasons any ingredients have to be substituted, due care will be taken to ensure that the substitute fulfills the nutritional requirement of the species.


3.4.2


For the well being of the animals, round the clock supply of portable drinking water shall be made available to all animals kept in the zoo.


3.4.3


With the objectives of avoiding human imprinting and domestication of animals. zoos shall prevent physical handling of animals by the staff to the extent possible.


3.4.4


Zoos shall not allow any animal to be provoked for tortured for the the purpose of extracting any performance or tricks for the benefit of the visitors or for any other reason.

 

3.5 Health Care


3.5.1


Zoos shall ensure availability of the highest standards of veterinary care to all the animals in their collection.


3.5.2


Adequate measures shall be taken by every zoos for implementing wildlife health and quarantine rules and regulations. Appropriate vaccination programmes shall also be taken up for safeguarding against infectious diseases. Timely action to isolate infected animals from the zoo population shall be taken to avoid further spread of disease.

 

3.6 Research And Training


3.6.1


The zoos shall encourage research on the biology, behaviour, nutrition and veterinary aspects of animals in their collection. They shall also endeavor for creation of expertise on zoo architecture and landscape designing, cooperation of recognised institutions already working in relevant fields in this regard shall be taken.


3.6.2


Zoos shall endeavor for transfer of technical skills available in the field for zoo personnel. The Central Government, Central Zoo Authority and State Government shall provide due support to zoos in these efforts. Assistance of Wildlife Institute and India (WII), India Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) and other institutions within India and abroad, having appropriate expertise shall be taken in this regard.


3.6.3


Zoos shall also endeavour for dissemination of information on scientific aspects of management through publication of periodicals, journals, newsletters and special bulletins. Help of non-governmental organisation (NGOs) and government institutions shall also be availed in such efforts. The Central Zoo Authority shall provide technical and financial support to the India Zoos Directors Association (IZDA) and other institutions in this regard.

 

3.7 Breeding programme for species

3.7.1

Before taking up breeding programmes of any species, zoos shall clearly identify the objectives for which the breeding programme is being taken up. The targeted numbers for the programme would be decided keeping in view the identified objectives.


3.7.2


All zoos shall cooperate in successful implementation of identified breeding programmes by way of loaning, pooling or exchanging animals for the programme and help creation of socially, genetically and demographically viable groups even at the cost of reducing the number of animals or number of species displayed in individual zoos.


3.7.3


Breeding programme shall be taken up by zoos after collection of adequate data like biology, behaviour and other demo-graphic factors affecting the programme. including the minimum number of founder animals and the quantum of housing facilities available.


3.7.4


Programmes for breeding of zoo animals for re-introduction in the wild shall be taken up after getting approval of the State Government, the Central Zoo Authority and the Central Government as the case may be.


3.7.5


Zoos shall give priority in their breeding programmes to endangered species representing the zoo-geographic zones in which they are located.


3.7.6


For carrying out breeding programmes in a scientific and planned manner the zoo shall mark every individual animals involved in the programme in an appropriate manner and maintain appropriate records.


3.7.7


Zoos shall take utmost precaution to prevent inbreeding. They shall avoid artificial selection of traits and make no explicit or implicit attempts to interbreed various genera, species and sub-species.


3.7.8


Special efforts shall be made to avoid human imprinting of the stocks raised for reintroduction purposes by providing off exhibit breeding facilities.

 

3.8 Education and Outreach Activity


3.8.1


Each zoo should have a well drawn-up plan for education the visitors as well as other in the community. Zoos shall keep a close liaison with other ex-situ facilities in this regard.


3.8.2


The central theme of the zoo education programme being the linkage between the survival of various species and protection of their natural habitat, enclosures which allow the animals to display natural behaviour are crucial to zoo education. Zoo shall, therefore, display animals in such enclosures only where the animals do not suffer physiological and psychological restraint.


3.8.3


Attractive and effective signage methods and interactive displays to explain activities of various species to visitors, published education material and audio-visual devices are proven methods for driving home the conservation's message. A formal education programme should also be persuaded for strengthening the education message.


3.8.4


Beside signage, the zoos shall also use guided tours, talks by knowledgeable persons and audio-visual shows for effectively communicating the message for conservation to the visitors.


3.8.5


The help of universities, colleges and non-governmental organisation shall be taken to educate the students about the benefits of supporting nature conservation programmes.

 

3.9 Extension Activities


3.9.1


To provide the urban population with a window to nature and to serve as green lungs for the polluting environment, zoos shall extend their expertise and help to State Governments and local authorities to create nature parks extending over extensive areas near big cities.

 

3.10 Amenities to Visitors


3.10.1


Zoo shall provide basic civic amenities to the visitors like toilets, drinking water points, shelters and first-aid facilities. Ramps shall also be provided for the benefit of visitors in wheel chairs for approach to animal enclosure and other civic amenities.


3.10.2


Zoos shall not provide any infrastructure for recreation/entertainment of visitors that is inconsistent with the stated objective of zoos.

 RULES

Recognition of Zoo (Amendment), Rules, 2004

 

1. Short title and commencement

G.S.R.520(E) - In exercise of the power conferred by clauses (g) of sub-section (1) of section 63 of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 (53 of 1972), the Central Government hereby makes following rules to amend the 'Recognition of zoo Rules, 1992', namely:-

1.

These rules may be called the Recognition of Zoo (Amendment) Rules, 2004.

2.

They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

 

2. Definitions


 


In these rules, unless the context otherwise requires:


(a)


"Act" means the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (53 of 1972).


(b)


"Enclosure" means any accommodation provided for zoo animals.


(c)


"Enclosure barrier" means a physical barrier to contain an animal within an enclosure.


(d)


'Endangered Species' means species included in Schedule I and Schedule II of the Act except black buck.


(dd)


Critically endangered species’ means an endangered species other than tiger, asiatic lion and panther whose total number in all the zoos in the country put together does not exceed 200


(e)


"Form" means form set forth in Appendix A to these rules.


(f)


"Performing purposes" means any efforts to force the animal to carry out unnatural act including performance of circus tricks.


(ff)


'Rescue Centre’ means an establishment for the care of animals specified in the Schedules to the Act and not open for exhibition to the public


----- (g) ------ "Stand-of-barrier" means a physical barrier set back from the outer edge of an enclouser barrier.


----- (h) ------ "Zoo operator" means the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the Zoo provided ---------------- that:


(i)


In the case of a firm or other association of individual, any one of the individual partners or members thereof shall be deemed to be the zoo operator.


(ii)


In the case of a company, any director, manager, secretary or other officer, who is in-charge of and responsible to the company for the affairs of the zoo shall be deemed to be the zoo operator.


(iii)


In the case of a zoo owned or controlled by the central Government or any State Government, or any local authority, the person or persons appointed to manage the affairs of the zoo by the Central Government, the State Government or the local authority, as the case may be shall be deemed to be the zoo operator.

 

3. Application for Recognition

An application under section 38H of the Act for recognition of a Zoo shall be made to the Central Zoo Authority in Form A.

4. Fees for Application

a)

There shall be paid in respect of every application under rule 3 a fee of rupees five hundred.


b)


The amount of the fee shall be paid through Demand Draft/Postal Order(s) in favour of the Central Zoo Authority, New Delhi .

5. Documents to be filed alongwith the application and particulars it should contain

Every application shall be accompanied by the prescribed fee and shall contain clear particulars as to the matters specified in Form A

6. Power to make inquiries and call for information

Before granting recognition to a zoo under section 38H of the act, the Central Zoo Authority may make such inquiries and require such further information to be furnished, as it deems necessary, relating to the information furnished by the zoo in its application in Form A

7. Form of recognition

The recognition granted to a zoo shall be subject to the following conditions, namely:

a)

that the recognition unless granted on a permanent basis, shall be for such period not less than one year as may be specified in the recognition.


b)


that the zoo shall comply with such standards and norms as are or may be prescribed or imposed under the provisions of the Act and these rules from time to time.

8. Renewal of recognition

a)

Three months before the expiry of the period of recognition, a recognised zoo desirous of renewal of such recognition may make an application to the Central Zoo Authority in
Form A


b)


The provisions of rules 3, rule 4, rule 5, rule 6, and rule 7 shall apply in relation to renewal of recognition as they apply in relation to grant of recognition except that, the fee pay able in respect of an application for renewal of recognition shall be rupees two hundred.

9. Classification of zoos


For the purposes of deciding standards and norms for recognition of zoos and monitoring and evaluating their performance, the zoos, on the basis number of animals, species, endangered species and number of animals of endangered species exhibited, shall be classified into four categories as specified below:

 

Category of the ZOO

Large

Medium

Small

Mini

Number of animal exhibited

More than 750

500-750

200-499

Less than 200

Number of species exhibited

More than 75

50-75

20-49

Less than 20

Number of endangered species exhibited

More than 15

10-15

5-9

-

Number of animals of endangered Species exhibited

More than 150

100-149

50-99

-

 


(9A) Central Zoo Authority may allow a mini zoo to keep animals of endangered species subject to the condition prescribed by it with regard to health, care, facilities and upkeep of animals including deployment of supervisory level staff including veterinarian.

10. Standards and norms subject to which recognition under section 38H of the Act shall be granted


 


The Central Zoo Authority shall grant recognition with due regard to the interests of protection and conservation of wildlife, and such standards, norms and other matters as are specified below:


General


(1)


The primary objective to operate the zoo shall be conservation of wildlife and no zoo shall allow any activity that is not consistent with the well being of the wild animals


(2)


No zoo shall acquire any animal in violation of the Act or rules made there under.


(3)


No zoo shall allow any animal to be subjected to the cruelties as defined under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960) or permit any activity that exposes the animals to unnecessary pain, stress or provocation, including use of animals for performing purposes.


(3A)


No zoo shall allow any animal to be subjected to the cruelties prohibited under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960).”;


(3B)


Animals pertaining to species whose performance has been banned under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 (59 of 1960), shall not be transported from place to place

Provided that such animals may be permanently kept by circuses at a place of their choice with suitable housing facility.”;

 


(4)


No zoo shall use any animal, other than the elephant in plains and yak in hilly areas for riding purposes or draughting any vehicle.


(5)


No zoo shall keep any animal chained or tethered unless doing so is essential for its own well being.


(6)


No zoo shall exhibit any animal that is seriously sick, injured or infirm.


(7)


Each zoo shall be closed to visitors at least once a week.


(8)


Each zoo shall be encompassed by a perimeter wall at least two metres high from the ground level. The existing zoos in the nature of safaris and deer parks will continue to have chain link fence of appropriate design and dimensions.


(9)


The zoo operators shall provide a clean and healthy environment in the zoo by planting trees, creating green belts and providing lawns and flower beds etc.


(10)


The built up area in any zoo shall not exceed twenty five percent of the total area of the zoo. The built up area includes administrative buildings, stores, hospitals, restaurants, kiosks and visitor rest sheds etc. animal houses and 'pucca' roads.


(11)


No zoo shall have the residential complexes for the staff within the main campus of the zoo. Such complex, if any, shall be separated from the main campus of the zoo by a boundary wall with a minimum height of twoo metres from the ground level.


(11A)


Every zoo shall prepare a collection plan of animals to be housed and displayed in the zoo, keeping due regard to the availability of land, water, electricity and climatic condition of the area


(11B)


Rescue centres may accept wild animals brought to them under intimation to the Chief Wild Life Warden.”;


Administrative and Staffing Pattern


(12)


Every zoo shall have one full-time officer in-charge of the zoo. The said officer shall be delegated adequate administrative and financial powers to purchase feed and medicine and carry out emergency repair of animal enclosures, as may be necessary for proper upkeep and care of zoo animals.


(13)


Every large, medium and small zoo shall have an official with masters degree in Wildlife Science / Zoology as a full time curator solely responsible for looking after the upkeep of animals and maintenance of animal enclosures.


(14)


Each large zoo shall have at least two full-time veterinarians and medium and small zoo shall have at least one full-time veterinarian. The mini zoo may at least have arrangement with any outside veterinarian for visiting the zoo every day to look after the animals.


(14A)


Every zoo shall have veterinarians of following description and educational qualifications, namely

 

Category

Sr. Vet

Jr. Vet

Large zoo

1

1

Medium zoo

1

0

Small zoo

1

0


 

Senior Veterinarian: Should have minimum educational qualification of BV.Sc and AH or equivalent with a minimum of 5 years experience of working in a zoo recognised by the Central Zoo Authority, and should be duly registered with the State Veterinary Council or Veterinary Council of India.


 


Veterinary Officer: B.V.Sc. & AH with diploma in zoo and wildlife animal health care management or masters degree in Wildlife Diseases and Management from a recognised University.


Animal Enclosures - Design, Dimensions and other Essential Features


(15)


All animal enclosures in a zoo shall be so designed as to fully ensure the safety of animals, caretakers and the visitors. Stand of barriers and adequate warning signs shall be provided for keeping the visitors at a safe distance from the animals.


(16)


All animal enclosures in a zoo shall be so designed as to meet the biological requirements of the animals housed therein.  The enclosures shall be of such size as to ensure that the animals get space for their free movement and exercise and the animals within herds and groups are not unduly dominated by individuals.  In case of species, which cannot be kept in groups due to behavioural or biological reasons, separate enclosures shall be provided for each animal.  The enclosures shall not be smaller than the dimensions given in Appendix II of these rules. These dimensions will not apply to circuses.  However, when not in transit, the circuses shall provide the animals space for movement and exercise,”;


(16A)


Zoo operators shall provide appropriate screening between the adjacent enclosures to safeguard against the animals getting exited or stressed because of the visibility of animals in other enclosures.


(17)


The zoo operators shall endeavour to simulate the conditions of the natural habitat of the animal in the enclosures as closely as possible. Planting of appropriate species of trees for providing shade and shelters, which merge in the overall environment of the enclosures, shall be provided. Depending upon the availability of land and technical feasibility, moat shall be provided as enclosure barrier.


(18)


Every mammal in the zoo shall be provided food inside a feeding cell/ retiring cubicle or feeding kraal.  The number and size of feeding cells or kraals will also be such that the dominant animals do not deprive other animals from getting adequate food.  The endangered mammalian species shall be provided individual feeding cells or night shelters of the dimensions as specified in Appendix I to these rules.  Each cubicle or cell shall have resting, feeding, drinking water and exercising, facilities according to the biological needs of the species.  Proper ventilation and lighting for the comfort and well being of animals shall be provided in each cell or cubicle or enclosure.  These dimensions shall not apply to circuses in transit.”;


(19)


Proper arrangement of drainage of excess of water and arrangements for moval of excreta and residual water from each cell / cubicle / enclosures shall be made.


(20)


Designing of any new enclosures for endangered species shall be finalized with the approval of the Central Zoo Authority.


Hygiene, Feeding and Upkeep


(21)


Every zoo shall ensure timely supply of wholesome and unadulterated food in sufficient quantity to each animal according to the requirement of the individual animals, so that no animal remains undernourished.


(22)


Every zoo shall provide for a proper waste disposal system for treating both the solid and liquid wastes generated in the zoos.


(23)


All left over food items, animals excreta and rubbish shall be removed from each enclosure regularly and disposed of in a manner congenial to the general cleanliness of the zoo.


(24)


The zoo operators shall make available round the clock supply of potable water for drinking purposes in each cell / enclosure / cubicle.


(25)


Periodic application of disinfectants in each enclosure shall be made according to the directions of the authorised veterinary officer of the zoo.


Animal Care, Health and Treatment


(26)


The animals shall be handled only by the staff having experience and training in handling the individual animals. Every care shall be taken to avoid discomfort, behavioural stress or physical harm to any animal.


(27)


The condition and health of all animals in the zoo shall be checked every day by the person in-charge of their care. If any animal is found sick, injured, or unduly stressed the matter shall be reported to the veterinary officer for providing treatment expeditiously.


(28)


Routine examination including parasite checks shall be carried out regularly and preventive medicines including vaccination be administrated at such intervals as may be decided by the authorised veterinary officers.


(29)


The zoo operators shall arrange for medical check-ups of the staff responsible for upkeep of animals at least once in every six months to ensure that they do not have infections of such diseases that can infect the zoo animals.


(30)


Each zoo shall maintain animal history sheets and treatment cards in respect of each animal of endangered species, identified by the Central Zoo Authority.


Veterinary Facilities


(31)


Every large and medium zoo shall have a full-fledged veterinary unit with basic diagnostic facilities, comprehensive range of drugs and a reference library on animal health care and upkeep.  Each veterinary unit shall have isolation and quarantine wards to take care of newly arriving animals and sick animals as to minimize the chances of infections spreading to other animals of the zoo.”;


(31A)


Every zoo operator shall provide one qualified lab assistant / compounder for assisting the veterinarian in health care of the zoo animals


(32)


Every zoo shall have facilities for restraining and handling wild animals.”


(33)


The small and mini zoos where full-fledged veterinary unit is not available shall have at least a treatment room in the premises of the zoo where routine examination of animals can be undertaken and immediate treatment can be provided.”;


(34)


Any animal that dies in a zoo shall be subjected to a detailed post-mortem operation by a Veterinarian registered with State Veterinary Council or Veterinary Council of India and the findings of such operation shall be recorded and maintained for period of at least six years .


(35)


Each zoo shall have proper facility for disposal of carcasses without affecting the hygiene of the zoo. However, carcasses of large cats shall be disposed off only by burning in presence of director or an officer not bellow the rank of a curator duly authorised by the director.


Breeding of Animals


(36)


Every zoo shall keep in its collection only such number of animals and such species for which appropriate housing facility exists. The zoo operators shall be responsible for ensuring that the number of animals of any species does not go beyond the holding capacity of the enclosures available in the zoo and housing standards are not compromised for keeping the excessive numbers


(37)


No animal shall be kept without a mate for a period exceeding one year unless there is a valid reason for doing so or the animal has already passed its prime and is of no use for breeding purposes.  In the event of a zoo failing to find a mate for any single animal within this period, the animal shall be shifted to some other place according to the directions of the Central Zoo Authority .


(38)


No zoo shall be allowed to acquire a single animal of any variety except when doing so is essential either for finding a mate for the exchange of blood in a captive breeding group.


(39)


Every zoo shall participate in planned breeding programme of endangered species as approved by the Central Zoo Authority in consultation with the Chief Wild Life Warden of the State.  For this purpose, the zoo operator shall exchange animals between zoos, by way of breeding loans, gifts and the like as per the directions of the Central Zoo Authority.”; .


(40)


To safeguard against uncontrolled growth in the population of prolifically breeding animals, every zoo shall implement appropriate population control measures like separation of sexes, sterilization, vasectomy and implanting of pallets etc.


(41)


No zoo shall permit hybridization either between different species of animals or different races of the same species of animals.


Maintenance of Records and Submission of inventory to the Central Zoo Authority


(42)


Every zoo shall keep a record of the birth, acquisitions, sales, disposals and deaths of all animals. The inventory of the animals housed in each zoo as on 31st March of every year shall be submitted to the Central Zoo Authority by 30th April of the same year.


(43)


Every zoo shall also submit a brief summary of the death of animals in the zoo for every financial year, along with the reasons of death identified on the basis of post-mortem reports and other diagnostic tests, by 30th April of the following year. In case of death of critically endangered species, a report along with details specified above shall be submitted to Central Zoo Authority Within twenty four hours.


(44)


Every zoo shall submit an annual report of the activities of the zoo in respect of each financial year to the Central Zoo Authority. With respect to mini zoos, a consolidated report may be submitted by the Chief Wild Life Warden of the respective state/U.T.


Education and Research


(45)


Every enclosure in a zoo shall bear a sign board displaying scientific information regarding the animals exhibited in it.


(46)


Every zoo shall publish leaflets, brochures and guidebooks and make the same available to the visitors, either free of cost or at a reasonable price.


(47)


Every large and medium zoo shall make arrangements for recording, in writing, the detailed observations about the biological behaviour, population dynamics and veterinary care of the animals exhibited as per directions of the Central Zoo Authority so that a detailed database could be developed. The database shall be exchanged with other zoos as well as Central Zoo Authority.


Visitors Facilities


(48)


The zoo operators shall provide adequate civic facilities like toilets visitor sheds, and drinking water points at convenient places in the zoo for visitors.


(49)


First-aid equipments including antivenom shall be readily available in the premises of the zoo.


(50)


Arrangements shall be made to provide access to the zoo to disabled visitors including those in the wheel chair.


Development and planning


(51)


Each zoo shall prepare a long-term master plan for its development. The zoo shall also prepare a management plan, giving detailed of the proposal and activities of development for next six years. The copies of the said plans shall be sent to the Central Zoo Authority.

Appendix I - Minimum Prescribed size for feeding/retiring cubicles

MINIMUM PRESCRIBED SIZE FOR FEEDING/RETIRING CUBICLE FOR IMPORTANT MAMMALIAN SPECIES OF CAPTIVE ANIMALS

Name of species

Size of feeding cubicle/night Shelter (meters)

Name of Species

Size of feeding cubicle/night Shelter (meters)

 

Length

Breadth

Height

 

Length

Breadth

Height

Family - Felide

 

 

 

Family -Equidae

 

 

 

Tiger and Lions

2.75

1.80

3.00

Wild Ass

4.0

2.0

2.5

Panther

2.00

1.50

2.00

 

 

 

 

Clouded Leopard & Snow Leopard

2.00

1.50

2.00

Family - Ursidae

 

 

 

Small Cats

1.80

1.50

1.50

All type of Indian Bears

2.5

1.8

2.0

Family - Elephantidae

 

 

 

Family - Canidae

 

 

 

Elephant

8.0

6.0

5.5

Jackal, Wolf, and wild dog

2.0

1.5

1.5

Family - Rhinocerotidae

 

 

 

Family - Vivirridae

 

 

 

One-horned Indian Rhinoceros

5.0

3.0

2.5

Palm Civet

2.0

1.0

1.0

Family - Cervidae

 

 

 

Large Indian civet & binturong

2.0

1.5

1.0

Brow antlered deer

3.0

2.0

2.5

Family - Mustellidae

 

 

 

Hangul

3.0

2.0

2.5

Otters All Types

2.5

1.5

1.0

Swamp Deer

3.0

2.0

2.5

Ratel/Hogbadger

2.5

1.5

1.0

Musk Deer

2.5

1.5

2.0

Martens

2.0

1.5

1.0

Mouse Deer

1.5

1.0

1.5

 

 

 

 

Family - Bovidae

 

 

 

Family - Procyonide

 

 

 

Nilgiri tahr

2.5

1.5

2.0

Red Panda

3.0

1.5

1.0

Chinkara

2.5

1.5

2.0

 

 

 

 

Four Horned Antelope

2.5

1.5

2.0

Family - Lorisidae

 

 

 

Wild Buffalo

3.0

1.5

2.0

Slow Loris and slender Loris

1.0

1.0

1.5

Indian Bison

3.0

2.0

2.5

 

 

 

 

Yak

4.0

2.0

2.5

Family - Cercopithecidae

 

 

 

Bharal, Goral, wild sheep, and markhor

2.5

1.5

2.0

Monkeys and Langurs

2.0

1.0

1.5

 

Appendix II - Minimum Prescribed size for outdoor open enclosure

MINIMUM PRESCRIBED SIZE FOR OUTDOOR OPEN ENCLOSURE FOR IMPORTANT MAMMALIAN SPECIES OF CAPTIVE ANIMALS

 

SI No.

Name of the Species

Minimum size of outdoor enclosure (per pair)

Minimum area extra per additional animal

                                                               Square meter

 

 

Family - felidae

 

 

 

1.

Tiger and lions

1000

250

 

2.

Panther

500

60

 

3.

Clouded leopard

400

40

 

4.

Snow leopard

450

50

 

 

Family - Rhinocerotidae

 

 

 

5.

One-horned Indian Rhinoceros

2000

375

 

 

Family - Cervidae

 

 

 

6.

Brow antlered deer

1500

125

 

7.

Hangu

1500

125

 

8.

Swamp deer

1500

125

 

 

Family - Bovidae

 

 

 

9.

Wild buffalo

1500

200

 

10.

Indian bison

1500

200'

 

11.

Bharal, Goral, Wild sheep and Serow

350

75

 

 

Family - Equidae

 

 

 

12.

Wild Ass

1500

200

 

 

Family - Ursidae

 

 

 

13.

All types of Indian bears

1000

100

 

 

Family - Canidae

 

 

 

14.

Jackal, Wolf and Wild dog

400

50

 

 

Family - Procyonidae

 

 

 

15.

Red panda

300

30

 

 

Family - Cercopithecidae

 

 

 

16.

Monkeys and langurs

500

20

 

 


Note


1.


The dimensions have been given only in respect of the species, which are commonly displayed in zoos.


2.


No dimensions for outdoor enclosure have been prescribed for Chinkara and Chowsingha because of the problem of infighting injuries. These animals may be kept in battery type enclosures of the dimensions suggested by the Central Zoo Authority.


3.


The designs of enclosures for Schedule I species, not covered by this Appendix, should be finalised only after approval of the Central Zoo Authority.

 

 10A  Applicability of rule 10 in case of circuses and rescue centres

(1)    In case of grant of recognition to circuses under rule 10, the provisions of clauses (8), (9), (10), (11), (17), (46), (47) and (51) thereof shall not apply.

(2)   In case of grant of recognition to Rescue centres under rule 10, the provisions of clauses (10), (38), (46) and (51) thereof shall not apply.”;

 

FORMS

Form for getting recognition

FORM-A
APPLICATION FOR GETTING RECOGNITION FROM THE CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITY UNDER SECTION 38H (Sub-section 2)

To
The Member-Secretary
Central Zoo Authority
New Delhi .

          We want to get recognition under section 38H of the Wildlife(Protection)Act,1972 in respect of ________________ Bank Draft/Postal Order for Rs.500/- drawn in favour of Central Zoo Authority is also enclosed. The required information in respect of ______________is as under :

1.

Name of the zoo:


2.


Location of the Zoo and Area:


3.


Date of establishment:


4.


Name of controlling authority operator:


5.


Total number of visitors to the Zoo during the last three years: (Year wise).


6.


Total number of days on which zoo is open visitors during a calendar year:


7.


Number of animals exhibited by the zoo:

Stock position during the current financial year

Number of
species
exhibited

Stock
Position
on the close
of preceding
year

Births

Acquisitions

Deaths

Disposals

Stock as on
the date of
application

Mammals

Birds

Reptiles

Amphibians

Fishes and others

Invertebrates

8.

Total number of enclosures:
(i) Open air moated enclosures:
(ii) Closed cages/aviaries:

9.

List of endangered species bred during last 3 years:
(a) Operation theatre/Surgical room
(b) X-ray facility
(c) Squeeze cages
(d) In-door patient ward
(e) Quarantine ward
(f) Dispensary
(g) Nursery for hand-rearing animal babies
(h) Pathological laboratory
(i) Tranquilising equipments/drugs

10.

Veterinary facilities:
(a) Whole time veterinarian available or not:
(b) Facilities available in the Veterinary Hospital :

11.

Whether the following facilities exist in the zoo:
(i) Kitchen
(ii) Food store
(iii) Deep freeze
(iv) Portable water facility
(v) Food distribution van/ricksaw etc.

12.

Sanitary care and disease control:
Whether :-
(i) pollution free water to animals for drinking is available?
(ii) Proper drainage system exists in enclosures?
(iii) Regular disposal of refuse material is done?
(iv) Programme for control of pests and predators exists?
(v) Preventive measures like deworm and vaccination are being provided?

13.

Amenities to visitors :
Whether :-
(a) Public facilities like toilets/bathrooms exist?
(b) Sufficient number of drinking water taps available?
(c) Visitor information centre and nature interpretation centre exist?
(d) Zoo education facilities have been provided?
(e) Public telephone booths are available?
(f) Kiosks and restaurants are available at the zoo?

14.

Safety measures for visitors:
Whether :-
(a) Effective stand-of barriers have been provided around enclosures?
(b) Adequate number of warning signboards exist?
(c) First-Aid measures are available?

15.

Budget of the Zoo for the last 3 years Revenue Grants Total expenditure.

16.

Annual Report, Guide books, Brochure or any other publication (copies enclosed)

17.

Master plan of the zoo (copy enclosed)

 


Signature of the Applicant