Andhra Pradesh Forest Department - Silviculture of Species

Artocarpus heterophyllus, Lamk.

(Syn. A. intergrifolia)

Family: Moraceae

 Common Name: lack-fruit Tree ------------------------------------------------- Telugu Name: Panasa

General:

It is grown by Tribals and fanners for its fruits. It grows on a variety of soils. Identified by thickly coriaceous, dark green, shinning leaves and fruits developing on stem.

Flowering:

November to December.

Fruiting:

Fruit ripens in July to August.

Fruits on the stem

 Morphology of the Fruit/Seed:

Fruit is a large, fleshly, oblong, more or less globose or cylindric raceptacle clothed with fleshy and enlarged perianths and carpels, the tips of which are hardened, appearing as conical spines. Seeds reniform, greyish and oily.

Seed Collection and Storage:

Ripe fruits are collected during rains and cut open for extraction of seed. The seed is to be sown fresh since they lose viability very rapidly.

Seed Biology:

No. of seeds per Kg. Gennination percentage (fresh seeds) No. of seedlings per Kg. of seed
45 to 96 75 30 to 70

Pretreatment:

Not required.

Nursery Technique:

Sowing in polybags (filled with pulverised soil mixed with compost) is done in July. 2 seeds per container are sown. One year old seedlings are planted out in the field.