6. 5. 1520 / WB / 98
Date : May 22, 1998
CIRCULAR No. 7 / 98
This circular issued by me as Vice-Chairman & Managing Director,
Andhra Pradesh Forest Development Corporation for raising Eucalyptus
Clonal Plantation successfully. These are equally relevant to
Planting Programmes of the Forest Department.
does not require any mention that on only one factor the Foresters
do not have control in raising a successful plantation is getting
the rainfall in appropriate time during the planting programme.
This can be eliminated by keeping a small provision for watering
to the plants in a planned way limited to 10-20% of the planted
Conservators of Forests are requested to go through this circular
very carefully, make a through review of the existing schedules
of operations of different plantation, replace a few not so useful
operations by a provision for watering to limited number of plants,
keeping the unit cost a the same level.
was done by me as Vide-Chairman & Managing Director, Andhra
Pradesh Forest Development Corporation for Eucalyptus Clonal Project
with a very high level success. Vagaries of monsoon could be mitigated.
This is a great challenge, once it is accomplished it will be
source of immense satisfaction to us in achieving our set
The Regional Manager
Hyderabad / Rajahmundry / Nellore.
: Planting Plan Preparation of planting plan
for Eucalyptus clonal plantations Implmentation GuidlinesIssued
: This office Ref. No. 6.5.1520 / WB 98 dt.
The subject of preparation of planting plan for
each site with Eucalyptus clonal plants has been discussed by
me at all the Regional Managers and quite a few Divisional Managers
on several occasions in my office and during my field inspections.
the subject is very important, it is better to communicate a brief
but comprehensive outline on the subject so that the field staff
is in a better position to realize the importance of it.
plant is basically the management of the Planting programme of
an area with an objective of completing the planting work within
the prescribed time limit by making the best use of men and material
in order to derive the maximum benefit of the situation wit optimum
expenditure. Our objective is to get the maximum utilization of
the monsoon rains in the year of planting and higher survival
percentage after planting.
While preparing the planting plan, the following
points are to be noted first :
The name of the Field Officer incharge of the Plantation ( Dy
Plantation Manager / Plantation Manager ).
Location ( name ) of the site and extent. Number of seedlings
required for planting .
Date by which the site preparation( dozing, ripping ) SMC works
to be completed :
For South West Monsoon
For Norht East Monsoon
Date by which pitting should be completed :
For South West Monsoon
For North East Monsoon
Transportation of Seedlings from Nursery to Planting site to be
completed by the end of 1st spell of monsoon i.e.,
for South West Monsoon zone by 10th to 15th
June, for North East Monsoon zone by 7th
July ( not corresponding to North East Monsoon ).
An exercise should be
done properly to arrive at the number of vehicles and trips required
to transport the seedlings to the planting site by the end of
the 1st spell of monsoon i.e., 10th to 15th
June in South West Monsoon zone and by 7th July in
North East Monsoon zone.
Broadcast sowing of the seed of Nitrogen Fixing Annual ( Dhaincha
) should be completed by the end of the first spell of monsoon.
of seelings should be taken up after the first spell of monsoon
when the soil has received sufficient moisture of sustain the
seedlings. This date may vary from 10th to 15th
June in South West Monsoon area but in North East Monsoon area
where the monsoon starts around 15/9, the planting programme should
be taken up by 1st week of July and continue till the
end of July taking the advantage of the fact that on an average
rainfall received in June, July and August is 75mm and 120mm respectively.
It should be noted that in North East Monsoon area it may
not be possible to complete planting by end of July. However,
maximum target should be achieved by end of July and the balance
area should be planted from 15th September onwards
when North East Monsoon breaks in and completed before the end
of September. This precaution is necessary as there is possibility
of a long dry spell in August that continues till the middle of
September when the North East Monsoon starts.
Once the planting is taken up after the first spell of monsoon,
which is over by say 15th of June in South West Monsoon
zone, the planting should be carried out in a manner so as to
complete by 30th June by following a well planned schedule.
The important point is that once the planting has been started,
it should not be stopped for want of rains. Planting should be
continued at the same level for 4/5 days. If no rains is received
during the period of 4/5 days after starting of the planting programme,
planting should be continued but the extent of the planting should
be reduced to half for next 3 to 4 days and after that, even less
is dry spell continues. Once the rain is received, planting programme
should be doubled or trebled so as to complete the target by 30th
In the schedule of operations, we have kept the limited provision
for watering in the year of raising to meet the exigency when
there is a prolonged dry spell immediately after planting. Seedling
should be watered once only on the 7th day of planting
if ther is no rain for 6 day after planting. In case the planting
has commenced on 16th June, and ther is no rain till
23rd June, the area planted on the 17th
June should watered on 24th June and so on if the dry
In our estimate, watering
may be necessary at the most to cover 20% of the total planted
seedlings. By restructuring the schedule of operation, it has
been to possible to keep the provision for watering within the
existing unit cost. The advantage of this provision is simply
enormous as it gives a lot of confidence in taking up planting
programme continuously without waiting for raily days; planting
can be completed within specific time so as to get the maximum
benefit of monsoon for the plantation and get higher survuval
percentage by watering.
Following example discussed as an exercise in order to illustrate
the above points clearly for South West Monsoon zone. For North
East Monsoonzone similar exercise can be done on the same line.
Area : 50 ha. South West Monsoon Zone
First Spell Of Monsoon
Over : 15
Planting Starts : 16
To Be Completed On
Or Before : 30
Exercise ( Plan )
The goal is to complete the planting on or before 30/6.
Planting has to be taken up from 16/6 and continued till it is
Since the planting target is 50 ha. And the number of days is
15, the average is 3 to 4 ha. Per day.
A person is to be specially engaged for 15 days for collection
of tubets after planting to account to Deputy Plantation Manager
/ Plantation Manager on the condition that shortage will be recovered
for his remuneration.
A table may be prepared
as given below showing the rainy day by R and non rainy day
by NR against the dates indicating also the extent of area to
be planted for each day :-
Date : 16/6 17/6 18/6
Rainy : NR NR NR
Extent :4 4 4
Watering- - - -
The above table shown
an area coverage of 34 ha. Only and the balance 16 ha. Can be
planted within 3 to 4 days after 25th June, i.e., target
may be achieved by 28th / 29th June.
The Regional Managers
/ Divisional Managers are requested to note that at every stage
a lot of thinking is required to prepare the planting plan properly
and slikk to implement it successfully.
The yare requested to
guide the field staff for the preparation of the Planting Plan
after holding a detailed discussion with them and see that over
a period of time, the practice is totally internalized in our
S. K. DAS )
Chairman & Managing Director
to all Divisional Managers
to all Plantation Managers through their Divisional Managers.