Government of Andhra Pradesh
Office of the Principal Chief
Of Forests – Andhra Pradesh –
S.K. DAS, IFS.,
CHIEF CONSERVATOR OF FORESTS
Sub: Social Forestry Programme
of the Forest Department, Andhra Pradesh -
Certain Guidelines – Issued – Regarding.
Ref: 1. Circular No.04/2002/U.1 (ref.no.19908/2002/U.1),
2. Circular No.02/2003/PMU-I/5 (ref.no.17309/2000/PMU.I/5),
3. G.O.Rt.No.6205, General Administration
(SC.IFS) Deptt, dated
2.12.2002 communicated through PCCF
4. G.O.Rt.No.62, Environment, Forests,
Science & Technology (For.III)
Department, dated 5.3.2001 communicated
in PCCF ref.no.52301/94/U.2,
1968 when the term “Social Forestry” has been introduced in the
Common Wealth Forestry Conference, it has assumed more and more
importance due to increasing need for forestry activities outside
the forest areas in the form of Agro-Forestry, Farm-Forestry,
Community Land and Avenue Plantations etc.
Government of Andhra Pradesh gives utmost importance to the planting
programme and therefore “Clean and Green” has been adopted as
one of the most important State Government Programmes.
The Government has accordingly created three additional
posts of Conservators of Forests for Social Forestry activities
vide G.O.Ms.3rd cited above.
Social Forestry activity which was taken up in a big way under
CIDA and NREP programme could not be sustained in the same way
after 1990 due to lack of regular flow of funds as the CIDA scheme
was completed by that time.
NREP and CIDA project a number of plantations have been raised
in Tank-Foreshore Areas and other Community Lands and subsequently
handed over to Panchayats for further maintenance with all the
relevant records by the Forest Department.
order to derive maximum benefits by the Panchayats from the Social
Forestry Programmes of the State and to streamline the activities
of the Planning & Extension Divisions, in tune with the Government
policy the following guidelines are issued:
PLANTATIONS: The Divisional Forest Officers (Planning & Extension) Divisions should maintain a list of old plantations,
which have been raised under CIDA, NREP or any other Scheme.
Many of these plantations may not be in good conditions,
whereas quite a few of them may be mature or over mature (Eucalyptus,
Bamboo etc.) ready for harvesting and a few of them may be giving
usufructs (Cahews etc. )
mentioned already, these plantations were handed over to the Panchayats
but could not be maintained due to lack of funds and clear guidelines.
following actions are to be taken up with respect to these plantations:
plantations should be inspected by the Forest Range Officer and
the Divisional Forest Officer, (Planning & Extension) and
the present status of the plantations has to be updated for each
division in the proforma given in Annexure-I
which have attained the rotation age and which are fit for harvesting,
should be harvested. But
this should precede the preparation of a harvesting plan and its
approval by the concerned local body authority.
of the G.O. 4th cited, the amount realised from the
sale of plantations should be credited to the General funds of
the Panchayat and the same should be utilised for carrying out
the tending operations like SMC works, cleaning of jungle growth,
dressing of copice stumps, singling of copice shoots in the harvested
plantation and also for replanting activities.
is a sizable balance amount after attending to the tending operations
etc., the Panchayats may be motivated to take up multiple row
avenue planting on the roads in the jurisdiction of the Panchayats.
the plantations have failed, action should be taken to replant
the area with suitable species, by motivating the Panchayats. The Panchayats should prepare the Plan for raising plantations and
get approval from the Zilla Parishads for release of funds.
The whole idea is to improve the green cover in the State, generate income to the
Panchayats and create wage employment to the local people.
Nursery is the first important step for tree planting. It should atonce reflect the expectation of
the people, professional competence and social commitment of the
Foresters. The nursery
should also serve as the extension centre of the Forest Department
to develop tree-consciousness among the people.
expectation of the people can only be realised by raising a good
nursery after a detailed demand survey in order to ascertain
their choice of species.
This is very important and therefore the demand survey
should be carried out regularly.
Forest Department resorts to raising of seedlings in two types
of Nurseries – Temporary and Permanent – each of which has a few
common functions but quite a few are different as discussed below.
nursery raised for the purpose of distribution of seedlings to
the public should necessarily be preceded by a Demand Survey
for the composition of species.
should be raised by SHG (VSS/DWACRA/Schools) as far as practicable
under a buy back scheme preferably.
not be possible to raise the valuable seedlings of species like Teak, Bamboo etc. in all the temporary
nurseries from the beginning.
However, the demand of the seedlings of these species can
be met fully by transporting and transplanting teak stumps and
bamboo rhizones etc in the polythene bags from the Permanent
Nusery at an appropriate time during the nursery season.
whole, if we plan meticulously, it will be possible to raise and
distribute the seedlings of their choice to the people as per
the Demand Survey.
Nursery should be a centre of excellence for the Department
in addition to the serving other functions of the Temporary Nursery
as mentioned in para 3.1.
should be a nursery programme for all the year round for certain
commercial species like Teak, Bamboo etc., fruit bearing species
like Neem, Tamarind, Kanuga, Neredu, Soapnut etc. and indigenous
long rotation multipurpose species like Neem, Banyan(Marri), Peepal
(Ravi) etc. All efforts
should be made to raise rare and valuable species like Tapasi
(Sterculia urens), Rosewood
in Permanent Nurseries for planting in tribal VSS areas/Departmental
should be established in the Permanent Nursery and regular programme
should be taken up to produce clonal/graft seedlings.
Chambers may be established, if essential, otherwise the programme
should preferably be carried on with the establishment of polypropagators
which are cheaper, labour intensive and not dependent on continuous
of Vermi-compost should be taken up in the permanent nursery not
only for using in the nursery or planting programme; but as a
commercial proposition also.
the nursery should serve as an extension centre and therefore
it is essential that a few permanent board are diplayed at the
important points of the nursery highlighting the importance of
forests and tree planting.
permanent nursery also an identified poor family belonging to
weaker section may be involved in the maintenance of a fixed number
of seedlings, say 30,000 to 50,000 and a fixed amount be paid
to them every month for maintenance of the family.
The savings made by the family should be converted into
a durable asset for the family for generating income by forward
linkages. Our staff may
play the key role to bring the family above the poverty line through
sustained efforts over a period of time.
PLANTATIONS: Every year the Planning & Extension Divisions
are raising avenue plantations.
Many of these plantations are quite successful although
they do not have the impressive effect on the public.
has, therefore, been decided that Avenue Plantations should be
taken up with a lot of planning giving importance to raising of
multiple row avenue wherever it is feasible, even if it means
only on the part of the total stretch of the avenue plantation.
In other words, if we cannot raise the avenue plantation with
multiple rows for the entire stretch, certain portion of the stretches
must be of multiple rows. Raising
of only single row avenue plantation only is totally discouraged.
guidelines have been issued in the reference 1st cited
which may be followed meticulously.
Nothing can be said to exaggerate the importance of Bio-aesthetic
Plantation (Karthaika Vanam) on the road side.
Karthika Vanam should preferably be located near the road
in the community land or RF within a maximum distance of 100 -–200
Mts from the road / highways.
guidelines have been issued in paras 5.3 to 7.1 of this office
ref. 2nd cited above which may be followed
officers are once again requested to note that such a plantation
should be raised with meticulous planning, implemened it with
utmost care and maintained permanently with the involvement of
the local community/beneficiary.
OF BOARDS OF THE FOREST DEPARTMENT: Forest Department of Andhra
Pradesh has been using boards of different sizes depicting the
messages. It is considered necessary to standardize the
size and design of the board uniformally for the entire State.
subject has been discussed thoroughly in the APEX Body of the
office of the Principal Chief Conservators of Forests and accordingly
the following instructions are issued:-
Boards will be three – sizes as follows:-
90 cm x 60
x 90 cm.
x 120 cm
should be painted in blue and green diagonally. As per the existing practice the diagonal line
has to be drawn from the top most position on the left hand side
to the bottom most position of the right hand side.
The upper portion of the board should be painted in blue
and the lower side in green as shown below:-
7.3 A few boards of the smaller size (90 cm to 60
cm) may be displayed with the messages in flourascent paint for
putting up on the highways where the forestry activity has been
taken up vigorously or the existing forest is quite rich and attractive.
The list of the messages in English/Telugu is given in the Annexure-II
(enclosed). The officers
are requested to display these messages only.
On the National Highways a few boards carrying messages
in HINDI may also be displayed.
Dung Slurry Preparation and its application: The Cow Dung
slurry is a very important and potent fertilizer which can be
utilized to boost up the growth of the seedlings in the nursery
and in exceptional cases in the plantations like avenue.
The method of preparation and its application are given
in the Annexure-III (enclosed).
of Palmyarah: Palmyrah palm is a very important species, which
has plays significant role in rural economy.
It has been the policy of the State Government to propagate
Palmyarah trees extensively.
Conservators of Forests (Territorial, Wildlife and Planning & Extension) are requested to take up pre-treatment of Palymarah
seedlings before dibbling in the field.
In case of avenue plantations, the Palymarah nuts can be
planted on the road boundary abutting the private land in a row
of 1 mtr. apart. The boundary
of the Karthika Vanam may also be dibbled with Palmyrah nuts on
3 sides leaving one side for entry of visitors. The method of pre-treatment of Palymarah nut
is given in the Annexure-IV (enclosed)
PRINCIPAL CHIEF CONSERVATORS
Conservators of Forests (Territorial, Wildlife and Planning &
Extension & Research)
all the Divisional Forest Officers (Territorial, Wildlife & Planning and Extension)
all the Additional Principal Chief Conservators of Forests/Chief
Conservators of Forests
Copy to the Circular Stock file.
ANNEXURE – I
Name of the village/ Mandal/
Year of raising species
Condition of Plantation growth
Whether fit for harvesting
Suggested SMC works & estimated amount required
COW DUNG SLURRY – A METHOD OF PREPARATION
Approximately 20 Kgs. of raw cow Dung
(Fresh – not more than 6-8 hours old) should be put into a big
pot (preferably an earthen pot – locally called Golem) in the
nursery site and mixed with 1 Kg. of D.A.P. with a little water
so that the entire mixture is of toothpaste like consistency.
mixture in the pot should be exposed to sub, i.e. the pot should
not be covered. It takes
7-10 days depending on the temperature to get the entire mixture
fermented properly. The sign of it can be seen by movement of air
bubbles from the bottom to the top of the pot.
mug of this fermented mixture should be mixed with 5 mugs of water
and the solution should be sieved through a fine cloth in order
to get a homogeneous solution.
This homogeneous solution is cow dung slurry and this is
a very powerful fertilizer to boost the growth of the plants when
applied periodically and methodically.
cow dung slurry should be applied to the plants once or twice
a week at the rate 100 ml to 250 ml per plant depending on the
size of the plants, and 12 hours before and after application
watering should not be done.
should be done through a fine cloth so that no suspended particles
can pass through the solution.
Some time the subordinate staff with over confidence sieve
the solution through Gunny Bags or other such cloths and as a
result a lot of suspended particles pass through the cloth and
remain in the solution. This
solution if applied to the nursery seedlings will do enormous
damage instead of doing any good to the plants.
OF PALMYRAH NUTS
been a long standing practice in the Forest Department to dibble
Palmyrah nuts mainly in the boundary of the forest areas with
the idea to keep the line of demarcation of forest area very clear
on the ground in addition to getting innumerable benefits from
the Palmyrah trees when they grow. In fact the important role of Palmyrah trees
can hardly be exaggerated in a rural economy.
However the efforts in this have given partial success
only. In some cases, the germination is found quite
satisfactory whereas in most of the cases the germination has
been very low. All this
has happened due to non-application of proper technique which
is described below:
We should give pre-treatment to Palmyrah nuts before
they are dibbled in the field.
The brief method of pre-treatment is given below:
The Palmyrah nuts collected from the fruits should be cleaned in water,
and dried in the Sun adequately.
An earthen pit should be dug out of suitable size depending on the quantity
of Palmyrah nuts to be given pre-treatment. The Palmyrah nuts should be put in the earthen pit and filled to
almost 3/4th of the depth.
Fresh cow-dung should put over this Palmyrah nuts to a
thickness of 8” to 10” and it should be covered with soil layer
up to the top of the pit to a thickness of 4” to 6”.
Over this, water should be sprayed once in 2 to 3 days
so that the entire mass in the pit is of toothpaste like consistency.
The Palmyrah nuts should be kept for 7 to 10 days in the
pit, then they should be removed from the pit and cleaned in water.
Immediately after this, the Palmyrah nuts should be taken
to the field and dibbled one meter apart by using an iron crowbar
in the hole of 6” to 8” deep.
Precaution should be taken at the time of dibbling to see
that there are no shepherds or graziers around to avoid the probable
damage from them as otherwise after some time they may come and
dig out the Palmyrah nuts for the sake of “thegalu” (kernel) which
is liked by them not only as a tasty of food but it gives an element
of satisfaction to their adventuring spirits.
Within a period of 2 to 3 months, the Palmyrah nuts start germinating.
The rate of success is not less than 65%.
This Method has been adopted by me from certain observations in Andhra
villages and practiced during the time I worked as Conservator
of Forests with a great success.
The method is fullproof and the success is assured.